On this date in 1976, the Missouri Supreme Court handed down its decision in Murphy v. Carron, 536 S.W.2d 30 (Mo. banc 1976). For 40 years, the Missouri appellate courts have used the standard set forth in Murphy v. Carron to decide appeals of civil cases tried to a judge. It is virtually impossible to practice law in Missouri for any length of time without encountering the rule in that case.
“[T]he decree or judgment of the trial court will be sustained by the appellate court unless there is no substantial evidence to support it, unless it is against the weight of the evidence, unless it erroneously declares the law, or unless it erroneously applies the law.”